NEPAL

NEPAL

 

Nepal officially the Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 27 million (and nearly 2 million absentee workers living abroad) Nepal is the world's 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. Specifically, the Indian states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim border Nepal, while across the Himalayas lies the Tibetan Autonomous Region. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and largest metropolis.
 
The mountainous north of Nepal has eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, called Sagarmatha in Nepali. It contains more than 240 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level. The southern Terai region is fertile and humid.
 
Hinduism is practised by about 60% of Nepalis, making it the country with the highest percentage of Hindu followers; Buddhism is linked historically with Nepal and is practiced by 30%, Islam by 4.4%, Kirat 3%, Christianity 1.4%, and animism 0.4%.
 
A monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty of kings from 1768, when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its many small kingdoms, until 2008; a decade-long Civil War involving the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (Now known as the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)) and several weeks of mass protests by all major political parties led to the 12-point agreement[clarification needed of November 22, 2005. The ensuing elections for the constituent assembly on 28 May 2008 overwhelmingly favored the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a federal multiparty representative democratic republic.
 
In recent developments, political parties of Nepal have agreed on forming an interim election government under the leadership of Chief Justice Khil Raj Regmi in order to hold Constituent Assembly elections by June 21, 2013 to end the political deadlock by announcing election dates for November.
 
Nepal’s 20 protected areas cover 23.23 percent of its land. Its 10 national parks, three wildlife reserves, six conservations areas and one hunting reserve cover various geographical locations from the sub-tropical Terai jungles to the arctic Himalayan region. Two of Nepal’s natural areas are listed by UNESCO as Natural World Heritage Sites. They are: Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park.Comprising only 0.1 percent of the total land area on a global scale, Nepal possesses a disproportionately rich biodiversity. Of the total number of species found globally, Nepal possesses 2.80 percent plants, 3.96 percent mammals, 3.72 percent butterflies and 8.9 percent of birds. Of 6,391 species of flowering plants recorded in Nepal, 399 are endemic. Among the 399 endemic flowering plants in Nepal, 63 percent are from the high mountains, 38 percent from the mid hills, and 5 percent from the Terai and Siwaliks. Similarly, the central region contains 66 percent of the total endemic species followed by western (32 percent) and eastern regions (29 percent). Nepal’s wildlife belong to the Palaearctic and Indo-Malayan realms. The 136 ecosystems is confined to 11 bio-climatic zones and 9 eco-regions that are defined by ecological features, climate and plant and animal communities. The endemic fauna are: Himalayan field mouse, spiny babbler, Nepali kalij, 14 herpetofauna, and six types of fishes. Wildlife also include like endangered animals like the Royal Bengal tiger and the one-horned rhinoceros. Nepal is home 850 species of birds and more than half of these are found in the Kathmandu Valley.The natural resources of Nepal are water, hydropower, scenic beauty, quartz, timber, lignite, copper, cobalt and iron ore. Vast expanse of land in the country is used for agriculture with about 16 percent of total arable land.

NEPAL Packages

explore Nepal

Tsum Valley Trek

FAITS MARQUANTS DE TREK La Tsum vallée ou ( vallée cache) est sacrée pour les bouddhistes, c’est le lieu de naissance de plusieurs réincarnations de Rimpoche. Actu ...

Nar and Phu Valley Trek (Lodge to Lodge ...

The Nar Phu valley is a trek one of the most amazing himalyan villages of Nar and Phu. where still existing ancient Tibetan cultural way of life and Strong buddhist believe. the ...

  • Trekking
  • Difficulty Level Difficulty Level Difficulty Level
  • 17 days
  • View Detail

Annapurna Base Camp Trek

The Annapurna Panorama Trek is an ideal introduction to people trekking in Nepal. Our itinerary includes an opportunity to watch the sunrise over the Annapurna ranges from Poon hill. This is one of ...

  • Trekking
  • Difficulty Level Difficulty Level
  • 12 days
  • View Detail

Helambu Chisapani Trek

Helambu Chisapani Treak's short description.

Tamang Heritage Trek

Langtang and Gosaikunda Trek

Langtang Gosaikunda trek combines the remote and spectacular valley of Langtang, with the high mountain lakes at Gosainkund. Visit the beautiful Langtang National park and then ...

Namobuddha Hiking

EVEREST BASE CAMP VIA 3 PASS

  • Trekking
  • Difficulty Level Difficulty Level Difficulty Level Difficulty Level
  • 16 Days
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Sherpa cultural Trek

The Sherpa people are one of the most famous ethnic groups in Nepal. Sherpa literally means ‘people of the east’. Sherpas are renowned as mountain climbers as they live in high altitude ...

  • Trekking
  • Difficulty Level Difficulty Level
  • 8 days in khumbu region
  • View Detail

Everest Base Camp Trek (Classical Route)

Authentic Sherpa culture and lifestyle on the top of the world.  Well-known monastery of Tengboche. Picturesque landscape and mountains  Splendid view of Mt.Everest fr ...

  • Trekking
  • Difficulty Level Difficulty Level Difficulty Level
  • Trek 11 Days
  • View Detail

Everest Base Camp Trek

During the early part of the trek to Everest Base Camp, Mount Everest is hidden away behind its immediate satellite peaks of Nuptse, Lhotse and Lhotse Sha. A quick glimpse of the summit can be seen ...

Mountains to Jungle

This trip includes all of the major religious and cultural sites of the Kathmandu valley, the spectacular monestary of Namo Buddha, the wildlife of Chitwan National Park, and Phewa lake in Pokhara. ...

7 days tour

Cultural Trip in Nepal .

You are welcome to  discover world heritage site in Nepal . Nepal is incredibale country for cultural and environmantal diversity and it's unique traditional cultural way of life with Life ...

Balcony of Annapurna

 Annapurna Balcony Annapurna Balcony is one of the best cultural trekking route across the Gurung(indigenous people) village  in Annapurna region because it's easy to walk , very ...